Eishockey DEL / - Ergebnisse u. Tabelle: alle Paarungen und Termine der Runde. Eishockey DEL /, der Spielplan der gesamten Saison: alle Ergebnisse und Termine. Hauptartikel: DEL Winter Game Hierbei traten die heimischen Thomas Sabo Ice Tigers gegen den Rekordmeister. Deshalb erhöhten praktisch alle Bundesliga-Vereine ihren Etat, um dem Abstieg zu entgehen. Der Rest litt unter massiven Finanzproblemen und kämpfte um die Existenz. Diese drei Arenen bildeten gleichsam das Zentrum der Eishockey-Weltmeisterschaft in Deutschland als Spielstätten. Die Entwürfe sahen unter anderem vor, den Auf- und Abstieg zur zweiten Liga abzuschaffen. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Danach begannen die Play-offs erneut mit dem Achtelfinale. Januar in Berlin mit 9: Deutsche Meisterschaften — Weblink offline IABot Wikipedia: Im März verlängerte der Telefonbuchverlag seinen Sponsoring-Vertrag bis
This contract ended years of dispute between the three organizations over competencies and financial issues. In November , the DEL announced another change in policy.
The league expanded to allow 16 teams beginning in the —09 season , resulting in direct promotion for the 2nd Bundesliga league champions, should they fulfill all requirements and be interested in joining the DEL.
Should this not be the case, or a current DEL team resigns from the league, a selection process would determine the club, or clubs, who would be eligible to join in order required to achieve 16 teams.
For that season, it was also mandated that each DEL club would be allowed to have no more than ten non- EC players under contract.
Additionally, a new format for the game schedule will limit the number of regular season games to 52 for each team.
This is achieved by each team playing four games against eleven others and two games against the remaining four. To determine which teams play which, the final standings of the previous season are used.
The DEL would also reintroduce promotion once more. The first- and second-lowest ranked teams will play a best-of-seven series to determine which team faces the 2nd Bundesliga champion for a place in the league.
There is, however, an ongoing dispute about those games as second division teams may only have five foreign players on contract, and therefore face a handicap in comparison to the DEL teams with twelve import players each.
The standing represents the Bundesliga and 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Deutsche Eishockey Liga Current season, competition or edition: This section does not cite any sources.
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November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Bundesliga and East German champions. International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 7 January Retrieved 30 March Neuer Modus mit Auf- und Abstieg" in German.
Kein Auf- und Abstieg" in German. Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 24 June Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 1 September Ice hockey in Germany.
Top-level ice hockey leagues. Retrieved from " https: CS1 German-language sources de Use dmy dates from May Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles with German-language external links Articles with French-language external links.
A typical game of hockey is governed by two to four officials on the ice, charged with enforcing the rules of the game. There are typically two linesmen who are mainly responsible for calling "offside" and " icing " violations, breaking up fights, and conducting faceoffs,  and one or two referees ,  who call goals and all other penalties.
Linesmen can, however, report to the referee s that a penalty should be assessed against an offending player in some situations.
On-ice officials are assisted by off-ice officials who act as goal judges, time keepers, and official scorers. The most widespread system in use today is the "three-man system," that uses one referee and two linesmen.
Another less commonly used system is the two referee and one linesman system. This system is very close to the regular three-man system except for a few procedure changes.
With the first being the National Hockey League, a number of leagues have started to implement the "four-official system," where an additional referee is added to aid in the calling of penalties normally difficult to assess by one single referee.
Officials are selected by the league they work for. Amateur hockey leagues use guidelines established by national organizing bodies as a basis for choosing their officiating staffs.
In North America, the national organizing bodies Hockey Canada and USA Hockey approve officials according to their experience level as well as their ability to pass rules knowledge and skating ability tests.
Hockey Canada has officiating levels I through VI. Protective equipment is mandatory and is enforced in all competitive situations.
This includes a helmet cage worn if certain age or clear plastic visor can be worn , shoulder pads, elbow pads, mouth guard, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts also known as hockey pants or a girdle, athletic cup also known as a jock, for males; and jill, for females , shin pads, skates, and optionally a neck protector.
Goaltenders use different equipment. Goaltenders wear specialized goalie skates these skates are built more for movement side to side rather than forwards and backwards , a jock or jill, large leg pads there are size restrictions in certain leagues , blocking glove, catching glove, a chest protector, a goalie mask, and a large jersey.
Hockey skates are optimized for physical acceleration, speed and manoeuvrability. This includes rapid starts, stops, turns, and changes in skating direction.
Rigidity also improves the overall manoeuvrability of the skate. Hockey players usually adjust these parameters based on their skill level, position, and body type.
The hockey stick consists of a long, relatively wide, and slightly curved flat blade, attached to a shaft. The curve itself has a big impact on its performance.
A deep curve allows for lifting the puck easier while a shallow curve allows for easier backhand shots. The flex of the stick also impacts the performance.
Typically, a less flexible stick is meant for a stronger player since the player is looking for the right balanced flex that allows the stick to flex easily while still having a strong "whip-back" which sends the puck flying at high speeds.
It is quite distinct from sticks in other sports games and most suited to hitting and controlling the flat puck. Its unique shape contributed to the early development of the game.
Ice hockey is a full contact sport and carries a high risk of injury. Skate blades, hockey sticks, shoulder contact, hip contact, and hockey pucks can all potentially cause injuries.
The types of injuries associated with hockey include: Compared to athletes who play other sports, ice hockey players are at higher risk of overuse injuries and injuries caused by early sports specialization by teenagers.
According to the Hughston Health Alert, "Lacerations to the head, scalp, and face are the most frequent types of injury [in hockey].
One of the leading causes of head injury is body checking from behind. Due to the danger of delivering a check from behind, many leagues, including the NHL have made this a major and game misconduct penalty called "boarding".
Another type of check that accounts for many of the player-to-player contact concussions is a check to the head resulting in a misconduct penalty called "head contact".
The most dangerous result of a head injury in hockey can be classified as a concussion. Most concussions occur during player-to-player contact rather than when a player is checked into the boards.
Concussions that players suffer may go unreported because there is no obvious physical signs if a player is not knocked unconscious.
This can prove to be dangerous if a player decides to return to play without receiving proper medical attention. Studies show that ice hockey causes Occurrences of death from these injuries are rare.
An important defensive tactic is checking—attempting to take the puck from an opponent or to remove the opponent from play.
Stick checking , sweep checking , and poke checking are legal uses of the stick to obtain possession of the puck. The neutral zone trap is designed to isolate the puck carrier in the neutral zone preventing him from entering the offensive zone.
Often the term checking is used to refer to body checking, with its true definition generally only propagated among fans of the game.
Offensive tactics are designed ultimately to score a goal by taking a shot. A deflection is a shot that redirects a shot or a pass towards the goal from another player, by allowing the puck to strike the stick and carom towards the goal.
A one-timer is a shot struck directly off a pass, without receiving the pass and shooting in two separate actions. Headmanning the puck , also known as breaking out , is the tactic of rapidly passing to the player farthest down the ice.
Loafing , also known as cherry-picking , is when a player, usually a forward, skates behind an attacking team, instead of playing defence, in an attempt to create an easy scoring chance.
A team that is losing by one or two goals in the last few minutes of play will often elect to pull the goalie ; that is, remove the goaltender and replace him or her with an extra attacker on the ice in the hope of gaining enough advantage to score a goal.
However, it is an act of desperation, as it sometimes leads to the opposing team extending their lead by scoring a goal in the empty net.
One of the most important strategies for a team is their forecheck. Forechecking is the act of attacking the opposition in their defensive zone.
Forechecking is an important part of the dump and chase strategy i. Each team will use their own unique system but the main ones are: Another strategy is the left wing lock , which has two forwards pressure the puck and the left wing and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.
There are many other little tactics used in the game of hockey. Cycling moves the puck along the boards in the offensive zone to create a scoring chance by making defenders tired or moving them out of position.
A deke , short for "decoy," is a feint with the body or stick to fool a defender or the goalie. Many modern players, such as Pavel Datsyuk , Sidney Crosby and Patrick Kane , have picked up the skill of "dangling," which is fancier deking and requires more stick handling skills.
Although fighting is officially prohibited in the rules, it is not an uncommon occurrence at the professional level, and its prevalence has been both a target of criticism and a considerable draw for the sport.
At the professional level in North America fights are unofficially condoned. Enforcers and other players fight to demoralize the opposing players while exciting their own, as well as settling personal scores.
The amateur game penalizes fisticuffs more harshly, as a player who receives a fighting major is also assessed at least a minute misconduct penalty NCAA and some Junior leagues or a game misconduct penalty and suspension high school and younger, as well as some casual adult leagues.
In Canada, to some extent ringette has served as the female counterpart to ice hockey, in the sense that traditionally, boys have played hockey while girls have played ringette.
Women are known to have played the game in the 19th century. Several games were recorded in the s in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The game developed at first without an organizing body. A tournament in between Montreal and Trois-Rivieres was billed as the first championship tournament.
Starting in the s, the game spread to universities. Today, the sport is played from youth through adult leagues, and in the universities of North America and internationally.
The United States won the gold, Canada won the silver and Finland won the bronze medal. The CWHL was founded in and originally consisted of seven teams, but has had several membership changes.
The league began paying its players a salary in the —18 season. The NHL is by far the best attended and most popular ice hockey league in the world.
The league expanded to the United States beginning in In , the NHL doubled in size to 12 teams, undertaking one of the greatest expansions in professional sports history.
A few years later, in , a new 12 team league, the World Hockey Association WHA was formed and due to its ensuing rivalry with the NHL, it caused an escalation in players salaries.
This created a 21 team league. It comprises 31 teams from the United States and Canada. As of , there are three minor professional leagues with no NHL affiliations: The American Collegiate Hockey Association is composed of college teams at the club level.
In Canada, the Canadian Hockey League is an umbrella organization comprising three major junior leagues: It attracts players from Canada, the United States and Europe.
The major junior players are considered amateurs as they are under years-old and not paid a salary, however, they do get a stipend and play a schedule similar to a professional league.
Typically, the NHL drafts many players directly from the major junior leagues. Players in this league are also amateur with players required to be under years old, but do not get a stipend, which allows players to retain their eligibility for participation in NCAA ice hockey.
The league is the direct successor to the Russian Super League , which in turn was the successor to the Soviet League , the history of which dates back to the Soviet adoption of ice hockey in the s.
The KHL was launched in with clubs predominantly from Russia, but featuring teams from other post-Soviet states. The league expanded beyond the former Soviet countries beginning in the —12 season , with clubs in Croatia and Slovakia.
The number of teams has since increased to 28 from eight different countries. This league features 24 teams from Russia and 2 from Kazakhstan.
The third division is the Russian Hockey League , which features only teams from Russia. It features 32 teams from post-Soviet states, predominantly Russia.
Several countries in Europe have their own top professional senior leagues. The competition is meant to serve as a Europe-wide ice hockey club championship.
The competition is a direct successor to the European Trophy and is related to the —09 tournament of the same name.
There are also several annual tournaments for clubs, held outside of league play. The Memorial Cup , a competition for junior-level age 20 and under clubs is held annually from a pool of junior championship teams in Canada and the United States.
The World Junior Club Cup is an annual tournament of junior ice hockey clubs representing each of the top junior leagues.
Ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since and was played at the summer games in The nation has traditionally done very well at the Olympic games, winning 6 of the first 7 gold medals.
However, by its amateur club teams and national teams could not compete with the teams of government-supported players from the Soviet Union.
The USSR won all but two gold medals from to The United States won their first gold medal in On the way to winning the gold medal at the Lake Placid Olympics amateur US college players defeated the heavily favoured Soviet squad—an event known as the " Miracle on Ice " in the United States.
Restrictions on professional players were fully dropped at the games in Calgary. NHL agreed to participate ten years later.
Teams are selected from the available players by the individual federations, without restriction on amateur or professional status. Since it is held in the spring, the tournament coincides with the annual NHL Stanley Cup playoffs and many of the top players are hence not available to participate in the tournament.
Many of the NHL players who do play in the IIHF tournament come from teams eliminated before the playoffs or in the first round, and federations often hold open spots until the tournament to allow for players to join the tournament after their club team is eliminated.
For many years, the tournament was an amateur-only tournament, but this restriction was removed, beginning in In the spirit of best-versus-best without restrictions on amateur or professional status, the series were followed by five Canada Cup tournaments, played in North America.
The United States won in and Canada won in and As of , the two top teams of the previous season from each league compete in the Trans-Tasman Champions League.
Ice hockey in Africa is a small but growing sport; while no African ice hockey playing nation has a domestic league, there are several regional leagues in South Africa.
Pond hockey is a form of ice hockey played generally as pick-up hockey on lakes, ponds and artificial outdoor rinks during the winter.
Pond hockey is commonly referred to in hockey circles as shinny. Its rules differ from traditional hockey because there is no hitting and very little shooting, placing a greater emphasis on skating, puckhandling and passing abilities.
Ice hockey is the official winter sport of Canada. Ice hockey, partially because of its popularity as a major professional sport, has been a source of inspiration for numerous films, television episodes and songs in North American popular culture.
When UM stopped sales to the public on May 6, , with plans to reserve remaining tickets for students, over , tickets had been sold for the event.
The record was approached but not broken at the NHL Winter Classic , which also held at Michigan Stadium, with the Detroit Red Wings as the home team and the Toronto Maple Leafs as the opposing team with an announced crowd of , Note that this list only includes the 42 of 76 IIHF member countries with more than 1, registered players as of October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Ice hockey disambiguation. Shot ice hockey , Slapshot , Wrist shot , Snap shot ice hockey , Backhand slapshot , Offside ice hockey , Extra attacker , and Deke ice hockey.
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